On this day in 1912, New Mexico becomes the 47th state admitted into the Union.
First, here is the Preamble of the Constitution of the State of New Mexico:
“We, the people of New Mexico, grateful to Almighty God for the blessings of liberty, in order to secure the advantages of a state government, do ordain and establish this constitution.”
Then, Article II – Bill of Rights, Section 5. Rights under Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (the treaty by which New Mexico was ceded to the United States) preserved, states:
The rights, privileges and immunities, civil, political and religious guaranteed to the people of New Mexico by the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo shall be preserved inviolate.
This, of course, is right in between Section 4. Inherent rights (you know, “the rights of enjoying and defending life and liberty, of acquiring, possessing and protecting property, and of seeking and obtaining safety and happiness”) and Section 6. Right to bear arms.
Author of Peace
Signed in 1848, the Treaty begins with these words: IN THE NAME OF ALMIGHTY GOD
Alas, it’s primary purpose was to end the Mexican–American War:
“The… United States… and the… Mexican Republic… have, under the protection of Almighty God, the author of peace, arranged, agreed upon, and signed the following: Treaty of Peace, Friendship, Limits, and Settlement between the United States of America and the Mexican Republic.”